November 10, 2018 – 2nd Ibero-American Symposium in Sports and Physical Activity: Nutrition and Training – Medellín, Colombia
Obesity has historically been thought to simply be related to an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. Weight loss recommendations have traditionally focused on reducing energy intake, maintaining a high carbohydrate and low fat diet, and increasing physical activity typically through low to moderate intensity walking. More recently, genetic, physiological, and behavioral factors have also been found to play a significant role in the etiology of obesity. For this reason, the prevention and management of obesity through implementation of different types of exercise and diet intervention programs, behavioral interventions, and/or medical interventions are at the forefront of obesity research. As a result, we are beginning to see a paradigm shift from traditional weight loss and management approaches to personalized diet and exercise strategies. This purpose of this presentation is to overview: 1.) the effects of physical activity on weight loss; 2.) the effects of diet and aerobic exercise on weight loss; 3.) the effects of high protein diet with resistance-exercise on weight loss; and, 4.) behavioral factors that contribute weight loss and maintenance.